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Payment for mangrove in Mozambique 

MozambES is a new 3-year R&D project on the importance of Mangrove for the sustainable development of Mozambique.



70% of Mozambicans depend on natural resources for their livelihoods. For poverty to decrease, growth must become more inclusive, and solutions that promote sustainable management of natural resources by rural communities must be found.

Thus, rural poverty, community rights and land management cannot be ignored for resource conservation. Sofala Province (SP) is especially vulnerable to extreme climatic events, holding of the most productive mangrove ecosystems in the country.

This project aims to improve rural livelihoods of those highly-resource dependent and vulnerable communities by promoting sustainable management of urban/peri-urban mangrove ecosystems.

By collaborating with local communities and NGOs and taking advantage of their experience in the field, we place rigorous research at the service of the local communities and authorities, accounting for the cultural and socioeconomic diversity of the region.

MozambES receives funding from the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) and the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) under grant agreement contract FCT-AGAKHAN/541744715/2019

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Work Plan

For sustainable development, we first estimate the economic value of mangrove Ecosystem Services, and then implement a Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) scheme at a selected site targeting natural resource conservation/restoration and socioeconomic goals. Multiple benefits are expected, not only on biodiversity, carbon sequestration, water quality, but also by protecting human lives and assets against storms.

Additional social benefits can also be obtained from improved rural cohesion, rural employment, and knowledge/skills transfer to local communities. By fostering human development locally, the PES is expected to increase income generation, gender equality and food security, contributing to decrease undernourishment, and infant and child mortality.

Thus, this project can be taken as a timely contribution to improve the quality of life of those populations and is expected to provide long-lasting beneficial outcomes.






Antonieta Cunha e Sá (PI)

Full Professor at Nova SBE 

Co-Scientific Director at Nova SBE Environmental Economics KC

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Margarida Ortigão

Research Fellow at Nova SBE

PhD student in Sustainability Sciences at ULisboa

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Ana Rodrigues

Executive Director at Nova SBE Environmental Economics KC

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Renato Rosa

Assistant professor at FEUC

Co-Scientific Director of the Nova SBE Environmental Economics Knowledge Center

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Stefanus Leffers

Assistant Professor in Disaster and Crisis Risk Finance University College London, Institute for Risk and Disaster Reduction

Affiliations: NOVAFRICA - NovaSBE


Pedro Cabral

Associate Professor in GIS  at NOVA IMS


Alberto Charrua

Assistant professor at Licungo University 

Junior researcher at Nova IMS


Luis Monteiro

Research fellow at Nova IMS 


Arcénia Tivane 

Research Fellow at UEM

 Master student at UEM


Salomão Bandeira

Associate professor and researcher in biological sciences at Universidade Eduardo Mondlane (UEM) 


Célia Macamo

Lecturer and Researcher at UEM




Luisa Nobre

Research Fellow at Nova SBE

PhD Candidate in Economics at Nova SBE


Catarina Frazão Santos

Assistant Researcher, Lecturer at ULisboa

Integrated member of MARE

Visiting Researcher at NOVA SBE


MozambES is expected to produce a comprehensive list of outputs during its timeframe, which will target a variety of audiences, from the scientific community to policymakers, environmental managers, NGOs and local communities.

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Image by Waranont (Joe)
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